Macquarie Island – Elephant Seals
Elephant seals are large,ocean loving mammals who are earless. There are two species of Elephant Seals the Northern Elephant Seal and the Southern Elephant Seal. Both these species were hunted to the limit of extinction by the 19th century, but the numbers have gone up higher.
Elephant Seals Weight and Height
Southern Elephant Seals are the largest of all Seals. Males can be over 20 feet (6 meters) long and weigh up to 8,800 pounds ( 4,000 kilos). The female Seals are much smaller at 10 feet (3 meters) in length and 1,500 pounds (600 kilos). The Northern Seal is the second largest Seal in the world, after the Southern Elephant Seal.
Elephant Seals Food
Northern Elephant Seals have a mixed diet. The diet includes Sharks, Flatfish, Ratfish, Crab, Squid and Octopus. Southern Elephant Seals mainly eat Fish and Squid, but the Seals have been known to eat eat Fish from the ocean’s darkest depths.
Elephant Seals Predators
Elephant Seals have no land predators but Great White Sharks and Killer Whales prey on Elephant Seals.
Population of Elephant Seals
By 1910 it was estimated that there were less than 100 Seals, all found on Guadalupe Island off Baja California and Mexico. Today The Northern Elephant Seals population is approximately 150,000 with 124,000 which they are in California Waters.
Northern Elephant Seals are found in the North Pacific, from Baja California, Mexico and Alaska. During breeding season, they live on Beaches and on Offshore Islands.